Yoruba Eshu pair
Material: wood, shells, beads, other materials Height: 42 and 44 cm Country: Nigeria Literature: Witte, Hans: 'Ifa and Esu. Iconography of order and disorder.' Soest 1984. Chemeche, George: 'Eshu. The devine trickster.' Uitgave Antique Collectors' Club 2013. (Witte 1984) 'Two divinities, Orunmila the oracle god and Rshu the trickster, are an all-pervading forge of integration at work in every realm of the universe. Opposed to each other as balance and disorder they have separate rituals, but they cannot do without each other. Eshu is causing disorder among people and Orunmila mediates with the help of his Ifa oracle to establish a new order. Orunmila and Eshu are venerated by every traditional Yoruba.' 'These Eshu figures are worn round the neck of female worshippers of Eshu so that they hang upside down over the breasts of the devote.' 'Among the cowries on our figures are attached a few other objects: a small calabash with medicine, a snail shell and a wooden fan. Cowries were formerly used as money. The fact that "Elegba (= Eshu) hides behind cowries", as the Yoruba say, indicates that the trickster is present in all money transactions. The medical gourds among the cowries, that are also depicted on Eshu's head, refer to his magical powers. The wooden fan is the symbol of Oya, wife of Shango and goddess of the wind. This, and the strings of red beads round the neck and the bracelet of white beads indicate that the figures have hung on the wall of a Shango shrine.'
Dogon ceremonial pole binukedine
Material: wood, iron, sacrifice material Height: 57 cm Country: Mali Desplagnes (1907) describes that ritual specialists, called laggam em>, sometimes carry an ax with a circumcised handle. Dagan assumes that this is the binu em> priests, the binukedine em>. A staff of the same hand / workshop is located in the Koenig collection. A third staff with the sophisticated structure, but with different figures, was in the hands of Victorio Mango and Serge Scoffel.